During the bleak years of the Great Depression, the lovable Shirley Temple became a symbol of happiness and hope for audiences around the world. In 1934, 20th Century Fox film songwriter Jay Gorney was taken with the dimpled, flaxen-haired star of a short film that preceded the feature at a local Los Angeles theater. As he was leaving, Gorney was surprised to recognize Temple and her family at the same theater, and soon the young actress was signing her first contract with Fox. By the end of the year, Temple would be featured in seven films, and would become the top-grossing box office star in the world.
Meanwhile, the Ideal Novelty and Toy Company approached the Temple family with its Shirley Temple doll concept, and sculptor Bernard Lipfert was tasked to create its unique mold. After seeing more than 20 variations, both the Temple family and Ideal’s staff were satisfied, and the first composition Shirley Temple doll was created.
The earliest prototype was made from composition with three different wig options—red, blond, and brunette. A more generic version of the doll was also marketed without using Temple’s last name. In October of 1934, Ideal applied for a patent, and the Shirley Temple doll was officially announced in an issue of the retail industry magazine “Playthings.”
The updated design came in four sizes, with hazel eyes and curly, strawberry-blonde hair. The product’s only marking read “COP IDEAL N&T Co.” which was imprinted on the back of the doll’s head. Shirley Temple dolls came complete with a polka-dotted dress like the one she wore in “Stand Up and Cheer,” along with an official tag and celluloid button.
At $3.00 each, even the smallest Shirley Temple dolls weren’t cheap. Yet the toys were a hit, and soon Ideal commissioned designer Mollye Goldman to create a variety of outfits based on Temple’s film roles. Shirley Temple fans soon had an assortment of organdy dresses to choose from, many in cute sailor striped or polka-dotted styles.
These mini-versions of the child star quickly became Ideal’s best-selling product, and were made in nine different sizes. Other companies created knockoffs and found creative ways to skirt copyright law. Beginning with its “Little Colonel” doll, Madame Alexander purchased the rights to the books on which Temple’s films were based and marketed their dolls using these titles.
Over the years, Ideal modified its product, slimming the face mold, altering her coloration, and embossing the Shirley Temple name on both its body and head. Extensive lines of c...
After a nearly 20-year hiatus, the company released a slightly more grown-up Shirley Temple doll made from vinyl in 1957. Temple became closely involved with the production and promotion of Ideal’s new series, and two years later helped launch its first “Shirley Temple Playpal” doll, which was a full three feet in height.
In 1960, the first Shirley Temple Collectors Club was established. From the '60s through the '80s, new Shirley Temple dolls were regularly distributed by companies like Montgomery Ward and the Danbury Mint, aimed primarily at nostalgic adult collectors.
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Recent News: Shirley Temple Dolls
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St. Louis man was there when the Oscars beganSTLtoday.com, February 20th
In 1929, Gillingwater shot a separate promotional trailer in which he talks to the audience about the drama “Glad Rag Doll.” He also appeared in a production that featured ... This time, it was the adorable Shirley Temple. The black-and-white film also...Read more
Oscars Facts: 25 Things You (Probably) Don't Know About the Academy AwardsMoviefone, February 20th
Shirley Temple won the short-lived Juvenile Award at 6 years old. 2. At 82 ... Composer John Williams is the most-nominated living person, having earned 49 Oscar nominations throughout his storied career, beginning with 1967's "Valley of the Dolls." 18...Read more
WEEKEND: Doll show to tug heart strings Saturday in Port AngelesPeninsula Daily, February 6th
Judy Lofall of Poulsbo-based Lofalls Dolls arranges a display table filled with dolls and accessories during Promise of Spring Doll Show at Vern Burton Community Center in Port Angeles in 2014. The event, presented by the Just Dolls of Washington club, ...Read more
Doll doctorHays Daily News, January 30th
An example of composition dolls would be some Kewpies and Shirley Temple dolls. Composition dolls were made in the late 1800s and early 1900s because they were more durable and cheaper than the predecessor dolls -- bisque and China head dolls...Read more
Lost Shirley Temple doll still her favoriteQuad City Times, December 24th
Santa left no gifts, no Shirley Temple doll. Wallie remembers, “I cried and cried. Then he returned and handed me a big box. I tore off the wrapping paper. My hands were shaking. Inside was my Shirley Temple doll. It was the happiest Christmas of my life...Read more
Antiques & Collectibles: Shirley Temple dolls still enchant collectorsPress of Atlantic City, December 5th
Ideal's original Shirley Temple doll, introduced in 1934, was a composition model of the famous child movie star. Enhanced with a mohair wig, it enjoyed international popularity until World War II. Later dolls such as yours were reissues with a vinyl...Read more
Barbie meets Shirley Temple at Florence doll shopSCNow, August 30th
Twelve members make up the Pee Dee Doll Club, and with this year being the pearl anniversary, members displayed their favorite dolls, all draped in pearls. A tribute was also made to Shirley Temple, who died earlier in the year. Attendees at the doll...Read more
Shirley Temple and The Great DepressionRochester Democrat and Chronicle (blog), May 8th
On her seventh birthday, coincidently the day Captain January appeared in theaters, department stores ran Shirley look-alike contests and advertised the movie in their toy departments--stocked with Shirley Temple dolls and toys. Theaters ... Gary Cross...Read more